Carbonation rate of alkali-activated concretes and high-volume SCM concretes: a literature data analysis by RILEM TC 281-CCC - INSA Toulouse - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse Access content directly
Journal Articles Materials and structures Year : 2022

Carbonation rate of alkali-activated concretes and high-volume SCM concretes: a literature data analysis by RILEM TC 281-CCC

Xinyuan Ke
Susan Bernal
Daniel Geddes
Marija Nedeljkovic
John Provis
Brant Walkley

Abstract

Abstract The current understanding of the carbonation and the prediction of the carbonation rate of alkali-activated concretes is complicated inter alia by the wide range of binder chemistries used and testing conditions adopted. To overcome some of the limitations of individual studies and to identify general correlations between mix design parameters and carbonation resistance, the RILEM TC 281-CCC ‘Carbonation of Concrete with Supplementary Cementitious Materials’ Working Group 6 compiled and analysed carbonation data for alkali-activated concretes and mortars from the literature. For comparison purposes, data for blended Portland cement-based concretes with a high percentage of SCMs (≥ 66% of the binder) were also included in the database. The analysis indicates that water/CaO ratio and water/binder ratio exert an influence on the carbonation resistance of alkali-activated concretes; however, these parameters are not good indicators of the carbonation resistance when considered individually. A better indicator of the carbonation resistance of alkali-activated concretes under conditions approximating natural carbonation appears to be their water/(CaO + MgO eq + Na 2 O eq + K 2 O eq ) ratio, where the subscript ‘eq’ indicates an equivalent amount based on molar masses. Nevertheless, this ratio can serve as approximate indicator at best, as other parameters also affect the carbonation resistance of alkali-activated concretes. In addition, the analysis of the database points to peculiarities of accelerated tests using elevated CO 2 concentrations for low-Ca alkali-activated concretes, indicating that even at the relatively modest concentration of 1% CO 2 , accelerated testing may lead to inaccurate predictions of the carbonation resistance under natural exposure conditions.

Dates and versions

hal-03944827 , version 1 (18-01-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Gregor Gluth, Xinyuan Ke, Anya Vollpracht, Lia Weiler, Susan Bernal, et al.. Carbonation rate of alkali-activated concretes and high-volume SCM concretes: a literature data analysis by RILEM TC 281-CCC. Materials and structures, 2022, 55 (8), pp.225. ⟨10.1617/s11527-022-02041-4⟩. ⟨hal-03944827⟩
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