Sugar Recognition by the Glucose and Mannose Permeases of Escherichia coli . Steady-State Kinetics and Inhibition Studies - INSA Toulouse - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse Access content directly
Journal Articles Biochemistry Year : 2002

Sugar Recognition by the Glucose and Mannose Permeases of Escherichia coli . Steady-State Kinetics and Inhibition Studies

Alain Zahn
  • Function : Author
Bernhard Erni
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The glucose (EII(Glc)) and mannose (EII(Man)) permeases of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS) of Escherichia coli belong to structurally different families of PTS transporters. The sugar recognition mechanism of the two transporters is compared using as inhibitors and pseudosubstrates all possible monodeoxy analogues, monodeoxyfluoro analogues, and epimers of D-glucose. The analogues were tested as phosphoryl acceptors in vitro and as uptake inhibitors with intact cells. Both EII have a high K(m) of phosphorylation for glucose modified at C-4 and C-6, and these analogues also are weak inhibitors of uptake. Conversely, modifications at C-1 (and also at C-2 with EII(Man)) were well tolerated. OH-3 is proposed to interact with hydrogen bond donors on EII(Glc) and EII(Man), since only substitution by fluorine was tolerated. Glucose-6-aldehydes, which exist as gem-diols in aqueous solution, are potent and highly selective inhibitors of "nonvectorial" phosphorylation by EII(Glc) (K(I) 3-250 microM). These aldehydes are comparatively weak inhibitors of transport by EII(Glc) and of phosphorylation and transport by EII(Man). Both transporters display biphasic kinetics (with glucose and some analogues) but simple Michaelis-Menten kinetics with 3-fluoroglucose (and other analogues). Kinetic simulations of the phosphorylation activities measured with different substrates and inhibitors indicate that two independent activities are present at the cytoplasmic side of the transporter. A working model that accounts for the kinetic data is presented.

Dates and versions

hal-03367171 , version 1 (06-10-2021)

Identifiers

Cite

Luis García-Alles, Alain Zahn, Bernhard Erni. Sugar Recognition by the Glucose and Mannose Permeases of Escherichia coli . Steady-State Kinetics and Inhibition Studies. Biochemistry, 2002, 41 (31), pp.10077-10086. ⟨10.1021/bi025928d⟩. ⟨hal-03367171⟩

Collections

INSA-TOULOUSE
4 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More