Redirecting substrate regioselectivity using engineered ΔN123-GBD-CD2 branching sucrases for the production of pentasaccharide repeating units of S. flexneri 3a, 4a and 4b haptens - INSA Toulouse - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2021

Redirecting substrate regioselectivity using engineered ΔN123-GBD-CD2 branching sucrases for the production of pentasaccharide repeating units of S. flexneri 3a, 4a and 4b haptens

Abstract

The (chemo-)enzymatic synthesis of oligosaccharides has been hampered by the lack of appropriate enzymatic tools with requisite regio-and stereo-specificities. Engineering of carbohydrate-active enzymes, in particular targeting the enzyme active site, has notably led to catalysts with altered regioselectivity of the glycosylation reaction thereby enabling to extend the repertoire of enzymes for carbohydrate synthesis. Using a collection of 22 mutants of ΔN 123-GBD-CD2 branching sucrase, an enzyme from the Glycoside Hydrolase family 70, containing between one and three mutations in the active site, and a lightly protected chemically synthesized tetrasaccharide as an acceptor substrate, we showed that altered glycosylation product specificities could be achieved compared to the parental enzyme. Six mutants were selected for further characterization as they produce higher amounts of two favored pentasaccharides compared to the parental enzyme and/or new products. The produced pentasaccharides were shown to be of high interest as they are precursors of representative haptens of Shigella flexneri serotypes 3a, 4a and 4b. Furthermore, their synthesis was shown to be controlled by the mutations introduced in the active site, driving the glucosylation toward one extremity or the other of the tetrasaccharide acceptor. To identify the molecular determinants involved in the change of ΔN 123-GBD-CD2 regioselectivity, extensive molecular dynamics simulations were carried out in combination with in-depth analyses of amino acid residue networks. Our findings help to understand the interrelationships between the enzyme structure, conformational flexibility and activity. They also provide new insight to further engineer this class of enzymes for the synthesis of carbohydrate components of bacterial haptens. Carbohydrate-active enzymes catalyze a wide range of chemical reactions. They have emerged as a practical alternative to chemical catalysts, avoiding multiple steps of protection and deprotection often required in chemical synthesis to control the reactivity of the sugar hydroxyl groups and regio-and stereo-selectivity of the reaction. Some of them are rather versatile biocatalysts often displaying naturally a relaxed substrate specificity. This promiscuity can be further exacerbated by enzyme engineering to either broaden or narrow down the range of recognized substrates and/or control the reaction selectivity 1. In particular, mutagenesis targeting the enzyme
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hal-03139892 , version 1 (12-02-2021)

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Mounir Benkoulouche, Akli Ben Imeddourene, Louis-Antoine Barel, Guillaume Le Heiget, Sandra Pizzut, et al.. Redirecting substrate regioselectivity using engineered ΔN123-GBD-CD2 branching sucrases for the production of pentasaccharide repeating units of S. flexneri 3a, 4a and 4b haptens. Scientific Reports, 2021, 11, ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-81719-1⟩. ⟨hal-03139892⟩
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