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Adaptation of neutrophilic Paracoccus denitrificans to denitrification at highly alkaline pH

Abstract : Bacterial denitrification is widely documented at neutral pH in order to improve the removal of nitrate in wastewater treatment processes. However, certain industrial contexts generate alkaline waste and effluent containing nitrate that must be denitrified. To obtain more information on denitrification at alkaline pH, this study evaluated the possibility of adapting a neutrophilic denitrifying strain, Paracoccus denitrificans, to alkaline pH. Firstly, P. denitrificans’ denitrifying activity was evaluated without acclimation in batch bioreactors at pH 7.0, 8.0, 9.0 and 10.0. Then, two acclimation methods using successive batch bioreactors and a continuous bioreactor allowed P. denitrificans to be gradually exposed to alkaline pH: from 8.5 to 11.2 in 26 and 72 days respectively. Results showed that P. denitrificans could grow and catalyse nitrate reduction (i) at pH 9.0 without acclimation, (ii) at pH 10.5 in successive batch cultures with progressively increasing pH and (iii) at pH 10.8 in continuously fed culture with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 8 days. It was shown that denitrification affected the pH despite the presence of carbonate buffering of the P. denitrificans growth medium. With acetate as an electron donor, the pH of a carbonate buffered medium tends towards pH 10 during the process of denitrification.
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https://hal.insa-toulouse.fr/hal-02617065
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Submitted on : Monday, June 21, 2021 - 12:39:22 PM
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Pierre Albina, Nadège Durban, Alexandra Bertron, Maud Schiettekatte, Achim Albrecht, et al.. Adaptation of neutrophilic Paracoccus denitrificans to denitrification at highly alkaline pH. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2020, 27 (17), pp.22112-22119. ⟨10.1007/s11356-020-08360-9⟩. ⟨hal-02617065⟩

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