Acid trehalase in yeasts and filamentous fungi: Localization, regulation and physiological function - INSA Toulouse - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse Access content directly
Journal Articles FEMS Yeast Research Year : 2005

Acid trehalase in yeasts and filamentous fungi: Localization, regulation and physiological function

Abstract

Yeasts and filamentous fungi are endowed with two different trehalose-hydrolysing activities, termed acid and neutral trehalases according to their optimal pH for enzymatic activity. A wealth of information already exists on fungal neutral trehalases, while data on localization, regulation and function of fungal acid trehalases have remained elusive. The gene encoding the latter enzyme has now been isolated from two yeast species and two filamentous fungi, and sequences encoding putative acid trehalase can be retrieved from available public sequences. Despite weak similarities between amino acids sequences, this type of trehalase potentially harbours either a transmembrane segment or a signal peptide at the N-terminal sequence, as deduced from domain prediction algorithms. This feature, together with the demonstration that acid trehalase from yeasts and filamentous fungi is localized at the cell surface, is consistent with its main role in the utilisation of exogenous trehalose as a carbon source. The growth on this disaccharide is in fact pretty effective in most fungi except in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This yeast species actually exhibits a _Kluyver effect_ on trehalose. Moreover, an oscillatory behaviour reminiscent of what is observed in aerobic glucose-limited continuous cultures at low dilution rate is also observed in batch growth on trehalose. Finally, the S. cerevisiae acid trehalase may also participate in the catabolism of endogenous trehalose by a mechanism that likely requires the export of the disaccharide, its extracellular hydrolysis, and the subsequent uptake of the glucose released. Based on these recent findings, we suggest to rename _acid_ and _neutral_ trehalases as _extracellular_ and _cytosolic_ trehalases, which is more adequate to describe their localization and function in the fungal cell.
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hal-02559672 , version 1 (30-04-2020)

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Jean-Luc Parrou, Matthieu Jules, Gemma Beltran, Jean François. Acid trehalase in yeasts and filamentous fungi: Localization, regulation and physiological function. FEMS Yeast Research, 2005, 5 (6-7), pp.503-511. ⟨10.1016/j.femsyr.2005.01.002⟩. ⟨hal-02559672⟩
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