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Effect of the leaching of calcium hydroxide from cement paste on mechanical and physical properties

Abstract : This paper deals with the effect of the leaching process of cement based materials on their mechanical and physical properties. In order to characterize this effect, we have performed experiments on cement paste samples. The leaching process was achieved by the use of a 50% concentrate solution of ammonium nitrate. Both compression tests and water porosity tests were conducted on micro-cylinder samples (10, 12, 14 and 20 mm of diameter) because of the slow kinetics of degradation due to the leaching. The deterioration of the cement paste and the mortar exposed to the action of the ammonium nitrate was manifested by a peripheral zone of less resistance. This process induces mainly a total leaching of Ca(OH)2 and a progressive decalcification of CS H which leads to a gradient of ratio in the leaching zone. Both mechanical tests and water porosity tests show that there is a linear variation of the loss of strength and the increase in porosity in relation to the ratio of degraded area over total area of the sample . It means that both compressive resistance and water porosity of the leaching zone are constant whatever the size of the degraded zone and then whatever the time of exposure to the chemical attack. So we could venture the hypothesis that the dissolution of calcium hydroxide is the essential parameter governing both decrease in strength and increase in porosity.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 31, 2019 - 11:29:54 AM
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Christophe Carde, Raoul François. Effect of the leaching of calcium hydroxide from cement paste on mechanical and physical properties. Cement and Concrete Research, Elsevier, 1997, 27 (4), pp.539-550. ⟨10.1016/S0008-8846(97)00042-2⟩. ⟨hal-02341174⟩



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