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Stagnation Points as Loci of Solute Concentration Extrema at the Evaporative Surface of a Random Porous Medium

Abstract : Evaporation of a saline solution from a porous medium often leads to the precipitation of salt at the surface of the porous medium. It is commonly observed that the crystallized salt does not form everywhere at the porous medium surface but at some specific locations. This is interpreted at the signature of spatial variations in the salt concentration at the surface of the porous medium prior to the onset of crystallization. We explore numerically the link between the ion concentration spatial variations at the surface and porous medium heterogeneities considering strongly anisotropic short-range correlated permeability Gaussian fields corresponding to a vertical layering perpendicular to the top evaporative surface for the case of the evaporation–wicking situation. It is shown that the ion concentration extrema at the surfaces correspond to stagnation points with minima corresponding to divergent stagnation points and maxima to convergent stagnation points. Counter-intuitively, the ion concentration maxima are shown to correspond to permeability minima. However, the ion concentration absolute maximum does not necessarily always correspond to the permeability absolute minimum. More generally, the study emphasizes the key role played by the impact of heterogeneities on the velocity field induced in the medium by the evaporation process. It is also shown that the number of ion mass fraction maxima at the porous medium surface is generally much lower than the naive prediction based on the number of correlation lengths spanning the medium.
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https://hal.insa-toulouse.fr/hal-02278716
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 10:23:57 AM
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Long-term archiving on: : Friday, February 14, 2020 - 2:46:55 PM

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Faiza Hidri, Babacar Diouf, R. Bouhlila, Sandrine Geoffroy, Marc Prat. Stagnation Points as Loci of Solute Concentration Extrema at the Evaporative Surface of a Random Porous Medium. Transport in Porous Media, Springer Verlag, In press, 128 (3), pp.861-879. ⟨10.1007/s11242-018-1098-y⟩. ⟨hal-02278716⟩

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