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Influence of dissolved aluminum concentration on sulfur-oxidizing bacterial activity in the biodeterioration of concrete

Abstract : Several studies undertaken on the biodeterioration of concrete sewer infrastructures have highlighted the better durability of aluminate-based materials. The bacteriostatic effect of aluminum has been suggested to explain the increase in durability of these materials. However, no clear demonstration of the negative effect of aluminum on cell growth has been yet provided in the literature. In the present study, we sought to investigate the inhibitory potential of dissolved aluminum on nonsterile microbial cultures containing sulfur-oxidizing microorganisms. Both kinetic (maximum specific growth rate) and stoichiometric (oxygen consumption yield) parameters describing cells activity were accurately determined by using respirometry measurements coupled with modeled data obtained from fed-batch cultures run for several days at pH below 4 and with increasing total aluminum (Al-tot) concentrations from 0 to 100 mM. Short-term inhibition was observed for cells poorly acclimated to high salinity. However, inhibition was significantly attenuated for cells grown on mortar substrate. Moreover, after a rapid adaptation, and for an Al-tot concentration up to 100 mM, both kinetic and stoichiometric growth parameters remained similar to those obtained in control culture conditions where no aluminum was added. This argued in favor of the impact of ionic strength change on the growth of sulfur-oxidizing microorganism rather than an inhibitory effect of dissolved aluminum. Other assumptions must therefore be put forward in order to explain the better durability of cement containing aluminate-based materials in sewer networks. Among these assumptions, the influence of physical or chemical properties of the material (phase reactivity, porosity, etc.) might be proposed.
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Submitted on : Sunday, June 30, 2019 - 4:56:31 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 25, 2020 - 1:11:29 PM

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Amaury Buvignier, Matthieu Peyre-Lavigne, Orlane Robin, Mansour Bounouba, Cédric Patapy, et al.. Influence of dissolved aluminum concentration on sulfur-oxidizing bacterial activity in the biodeterioration of concrete. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, In press, 85 (15), 12 p. ⟨10.1128/AEM.00302-19⟩. ⟨hal-02169123⟩



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