Evaluation of microbial proliferation on cementitious materials exposed to biogas systems

Abstract : Understanding the interactions between biofilm and cementitious materials in biogas production systems is an essential step toward the development of durable concrete for this expanding sector. Although the action of the liquid phase medium on the material has been the subject of several research studies, the possible impact of the material's properties on biofilm formation and composition has been little investigated, if at all. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the characteristics of the biofilm according to the surface properties of the materials. Four cementitious materials with different chemical and mineralogical compositions, and various topological surface characteristics (pastes of CEM I, CEM III/C and CAC, and CEM I paste treated with oxalic acid) were exposed to the liquid phase of a fermenting biowaste for 10 weeks. The steps of biofilm formation were observed using SEM. Even though all the cementitious material surfaces were intensely colonized at the end of the experiments, the establishment of the biofilm seems to have been delayed on the oxalate-treated CEM I and on CAC coupons. Roughness and surface pH effects were not of prime importance for the biofilm development. The analysis of bacterial population diversity using 16S rDNA sequencing showed a less diversified microbial flora in the biofilm than in the reaction medium.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 11:14:39 AM
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Célestine Voegel, Nadège Durban, Alexandra Bertron, Yann Landon, Benjamin Erable. Evaluation of microbial proliferation on cementitious materials exposed to biogas systems. Environmental Technology, Taylor & Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles, 2019, pp.1-11. ⟨hal-02001421⟩



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