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Effects of restraint on expansion due to delayed ettringite formation

Abstract : Delayed ettringite formation (DEF) is a chemical reaction that causes expansion in civil engineering structures. The safety level of such damaged structures has to be reassessed. To do this, the mechanical conditions acting on DEF expansions have to be analysed and, in particular, the variation of strength with expansion and the effect of restraint on the DEF expansion. This paper highlights several points: DEF expansion is isotropic in stress-free conditions, compressive stresses decrease DEF expansion in the direction subjected to restraint and lead to cracks parallel to the restraint, and expansion measured in the stress-free direction of restrained specimens is not modified. Thus restraint causes a decrease of the volumetric expansion and DEF expansion under restraint is anisotropic. Moreover, the paper examines the correlation between DEF expansion and concrete damage, providing data that can be used for the quantification of the effect of stresses on DEF induced expansion.
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https://hal.insa-toulouse.fr/hal-01878729
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Hassina Bouzabata, Stéphane Multon, Alain Sellier, Hacene Houari. Effects of restraint on expansion due to delayed ettringite formation. Cement and Concrete Research, Elsevier, 2012, 42 (7), pp.1024-1031. ⟨10.1016/j.cemconres.2012.04.001⟩. ⟨hal-01878729⟩

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