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Journal Articles Materials and structures Year : 2013

Diffusivity evolution under decalcification: influence of aggregate natures and cement type

Abstract

Since the decalcification of cement paste has been largely reviewed, we focus our studies on the influence of aggregate nature on this phenomenon in relation to the type of cement used, Ordinary Portland Cement or blended cement with fly ash and slag. Some characteristics of similar mortar mixtures where only aggregate nature differs (lime and siliceous sand) are therefore compared for the two types of cement before and after chemical decalcification induced by ammonium nitrate attack: mechanical strength, microstructure (porosity observed by mercury intrusion and profiles of oxide content trough degraded and sound zones determined by electronic microprobe analysis), transport properties (chloride ions diffusivity, gas and water permeabilities). The characterization of sound mortars underlines that siliceous aggregates promote less porous cementitious matrix. The duplication of ammonium nitrate attacks on same material allows testing the experimental parameters governing the degradation. The flows of calcium leached, the microstructure and the evolution of transport properties with decalcification suggest that limestone aggregates are not inert material. Consequently, for the mortars incorporating siliceous sand, the cementitious matrix is more decalcified and this leads to an amplification of ionic transports, especially through blended cement paste.

Dates and versions

hal-01850832 , version 1 (27-07-2018)

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Céline Perlot-Bascoules, Myriam Carcasses, Jérôme Verdier. Diffusivity evolution under decalcification: influence of aggregate natures and cement type. Materials and structures, 2013, 46 (5), pp.787--801. ⟨10.1617/s11527-012-9934-y⟩. ⟨hal-01850832⟩
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