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Structural and chemical changes in kaolinite caused by flash calcination: Formation of spherical particles

Abstract : To understand the morphological changes of three commercial kaolins during flash calcination and to compare them with those obtained during traditional heat treatments in the laboratory (an electric furnace at 700 degrees C for 5 h), this paper presents the physical and chemical characteristics of metakaolins obtained from an industrial flash calciner. In the metakaolin products, kaolinite was not completed dehydroxylated during calcination, and the proportion of untransformed kaolinite was greater in flashed metakaolins than in traditional rotary-calcined metakaolins. Several particle morphologies were discernible in the metakaolins, including spherical particles that were formed in flash calcinations. These spherical particles were cut with a focused ion beam (FIB) and were revealed to contain a vitrified aluminum silicate phase with traces of mullite and various gases. These spherical particles were produced from the direct calcination of several submicron kaolinites near the flame of the calciner. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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https://hal.insa-toulouse.fr/hal-01849759
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 26, 2018 - 2:41:56 PM
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M. Claverie, F. Martin, J. P. Tardy, Martin Cyr, P. de Parseval, et al.. Structural and chemical changes in kaolinite caused by flash calcination: Formation of spherical particles. Applied Clay Science, Elsevier, 2015, 114, pp.247--255. ⟨10.1016/j.clay.2015.05.031⟩. ⟨hal-01849759⟩

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