Comparative study between natural and PVA fibers to reduce plastic shrinkage cracking in cement-based composite - INSA Toulouse - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse Access content directly
Journal Articles Construction and Building Materials Year : 2015

Comparative study between natural and PVA fibers to reduce plastic shrinkage cracking in cement-based composite

C. A. Juarez
  • Function : Author
G. Fajardo
  • Function : Author
S. Monroy
  • Function : Author
A. Duran-Herrera
  • Function : Author
P. Valdez
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to control restrained plastic shrinkage cracking through the addition of natural and PVA fibers in a cement-based composite. Two types of natural fibers (flax and agave lechuguilla) as well as synthetic fibers (PVA) were investigated at volume fractions of 0.1% and 0.7%. 38 prismatic mortar specimens were freshly cast on top of a grooved and hard concrete substrate, providing a bottom restraint; this resulted in cracking in the freshly placed overlay, which was detected as a function of time. The effectiveness of the fibers was evaluated by considering reducing the number of cracks and total crack area under these conditions. The results obtained show that both natural fibers were effective in controlling restrained plastic shrinkage cracking like the commercially available PVA fibers; the total crack areas were also reduced by at least 93% compared with plain mortar specimens. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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hal-01849748 , version 1 (26-07-2018)

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C. A. Juarez, G. Fajardo, S. Monroy, A. Duran-Herrera, P. Valdez, et al.. Comparative study between natural and PVA fibers to reduce plastic shrinkage cracking in cement-based composite. Construction and Building Materials, 2015, 91, pp.164--170. ⟨10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.05.028⟩. ⟨hal-01849748⟩
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