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Photocatalytic degradation of NO/NO2 gas injected into a 10-m(3) experimental chamber

Abstract : This paper investigates a new test method to assess the photocatalytic activity of plasterboards coated with a TiO2 dispersion under real-world conditions. The degradation of nitrogen oxides NO (x) (NO and NO2) is studied and the photocatalytic efficiency under UV illumination is evaluated in a 10-m(3) room after a constant gas injection. Two ultrafine TiO2 dispersions are used: 0.85% TiO2 and 5% TiO2, and three types of gas are tested: an NO/NO2 mixture (8/8 mol-ppm), NO (45 mol-ppm) and NO2 (45 mol-ppm). The test method presented here is midway between laboratory and real-scale procedures and allows better control of the experimental parameters than a real field experiment. Testing a mixture of NO and NO2 is a way to get closer to real-world conditions as air is polluted by various gases. This study focuses on the degradation of NO and NO2 under UV illumination when two types of TiO2 dispersions are used and highlights the difference in behaviour between these two molecules in terms of photocatalytic degradation. The results show that photocatalytic activity does not appear to be efficient to degrade NO2 molecules. Another mechanism seems to be responsible for the reduction of the concentration of NO2, namely adsorption. Encouraging results are obtained with NO molecules, which can be degraded by photocatalysis. The degradation observed is even greater with the more concentrated TiO2 dispersion.
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https://hal.insa-toulouse.fr/hal-01755537
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 4:29:31 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 9:09:32 PM

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Julie Hot, T. Martinez, B. Wayser, Erick Ringot, Alexandra Bertron. Photocatalytic degradation of NO/NO2 gas injected into a 10-m(3) experimental chamber. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2017, 24 (14), pp.12562--12570. ⟨10.1007/s11356-016-7701-2⟩. ⟨hal-01755537⟩

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