Concrete creep modelling for structural applications: non-linearity, multi-axiality, hydration, temperature and drying effects

Abstract : Concrete creep models have to consider several important phenomena (non-linearity, multi-axiality, hydration, and thermal and drying effects) to be relevant in structural applications. A selection of experimental results of creep tests found in the scientific literature are used to highlight these phenomena. Firstly, regarding the creep rate in different directions of a specimen under various loads, it is shown that creep rate under moderate loading can derive from elastic strains. Secondly, the reason why a Drucker Prager criterion can be chosen to model non-linear creep is discussed. Thirdly the interest of resorting to a creep theory able to decouple ageing (or hydration) effects and consolidation effects is explained. Moreover, interest using a poro-mechanical formulation, in which Biot coefficient depends on stress state, to model drying creep and shrinkage is discussed in the light of short meso-scopic analysis. The effect of temperature on creep is also addressed. The numerical implementation of the proposed modelling is briefly exposed and the model responses are confronted with experimental results.
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Alain Sellier, Stéphane Multon, Laurie Buffo-Lacarrière, Thierry Vidal, Xavier Bourbon, et al.. Concrete creep modelling for structural applications: non-linearity, multi-axiality, hydration, temperature and drying effects. Cement and Concrete Research, Elsevier, 2016, 79, pp.301-315. ⟨10.1016/j.cemconres.2015.10.001⟩. ⟨hal-01714901⟩

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