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Journal Articles European Journal of Biochemistry Year : 2002

The glucose-specific carrier of the Escherichia coli phosphotransferase system

Vera Navdaeva
  • Function : Author
Simon Haenni
  • Function : Author
Bernhard Erni
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Thirteen glucose analogues bearing electrophilic groups were synthesized (five of them for the first time) and screened as inhibitors of the glucose transporter (EIIGlc) of the Escherichia coli phosphoenolpyruvate-sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS). 2',3'-Epoxypropyl beta-d-glucopyranoside (3a) is an inhibitor and also a pseudosubstrate. Five analogues are inhibitors of nonvectorial Glc phosphorylation by EIIGlc but not pseudosubstrates. They are selective for EIIGlc as demonstrated by comparison with EIIMan, another Glc-specific but structurally different transporter. 3a is the only analogue that inhibits EIIGlc by binding to the high-affinity cytoplasmic binding site and also strongly inhibits sugar uptake mediated by this transporter. The most potent inhibitor in vitro, methyl 6,7-anhydro-d,l-glycero-alpha-d-gluco-heptopyranoside (1d), preferentially interacts with the low-affinity cytoplasmic site but only weakly inhibits Glc uptake. Binding and/or phosphorylation from the cytoplasmic side of EIIGlc is more permissive than sugar binding and/or translocation of substrates via the periplasmic site. EIIGlc is rapidly inactivated by the 6-O-bromoacetyl esters of methyl alpha-d-glucopyranoside (1a) and methyl alpha-d-mannopyranoside (1c), methyl 6-deoxy-6-isothiocyanato-alpha-d-glucopyranoside (1e), beta-d-glucopyranosyl isothiocyanate (3c) and beta-d-glucopyranosyl phenyl isothiocyanate (3d). Phosphorylation of EIIGlc protects, indicating that inactivation occurs by alkylation of Cys421. Glc does not protect, but sensitizes EIIGlc for inactivation by 1e and 3d, which is interpreted as the effect of glucose-induced conformational changes in the dimeric transporter. Glc also sensitizes EIIGlc for inactivation by 1a and 1c of uptake by starved cells. This indicates that Cys421 which is located on the cytoplasmic domain of EIIGlc becomes transiently accessible to substrate analogues on the periplasmic side of the transporter.

Dates and versions

hal-03367167 , version 1 (06-10-2021)

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Luis Fernando García-Alles, Vera Navdaeva, Simon Haenni, Bernhard Erni. The glucose-specific carrier of the Escherichia coli phosphotransferase system. European Journal of Biochemistry, 2002, 269 (20), pp.4969-4980. ⟨10.1046/j.1432-1033.2002.03197.x⟩. ⟨hal-03367167⟩

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