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Journal Articles Langmuir Year : 2015

Directed Assembly of Single Colloidal Gold Nanowires by AFM Nanoxerography

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Abstract

Ultrathin gold nanowires (NWs) dispersed in hexane were prepared by chemical reduction of HAuCl4 in oleylamine, along with nanospheres (NSs), side products of the reaction. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering evidenced a stabilization of these nano-objects by oleylammonium chloride surfactants. The directed assembly of these nano-objects on surfaces was performed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) nanoxerography in a few seconds. Selective assembly of gold NWs only occurred on positively charged patterns, while NSs assembled more specifically on the negatively charged ones. This sorting suggests that the strong electric field generated by the charge patterns induced a negative effective charge on the gold NWs and a weak positive effective charge on the NSs. Such difference could be explained by the ion organization at the colloid surface, monolayered in the case of NWs, and bilayered in the case of NSs. By adjusting the design of the positive patterns and the experimental conditions of development, single gold nanowires were successfully assembled by AFM nanoxerography on predefined sites of surfaces without damaging them, opening the way for future electrical and mechanical characterizations.
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Dates and versions

hal-02020319 , version 1 (02-03-2021)

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Pierre Moutet, Lise-Marie Lacroix, Antoine Robert, Marianne Imperor-Clerc, G. Viau, et al.. Directed Assembly of Single Colloidal Gold Nanowires by AFM Nanoxerography. Langmuir, 2015, 31 (14), pp.4106-4112. ⟨10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b00299⟩. ⟨hal-02020319⟩
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