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Qualitative Estimation of the Single-Electron Transfer Step Energetics Mediated by Samarium(II) Complexes: A “SOMO–LUMO Gap” Approach

Abstract : Lanthanide II organometallic complexes usually initiate reactions via a single-electron transfer (SET) from the metal to a bonded substrate. Extensive mechanistic studies were carried out for lanthanide III complexes in which no change of oxidation state is involved. Some case-dependent strategies were reported by our group in order to account for a SET event in organometallic computed studies. In the present study, we show that analysis of DFT orbital spectra allows differentiating between exothermic and endothermic electron transfer. This methodology appears to be general; it allows differentiating between lanthanide centers and substituent effects on metallocenes. For that purpose, we considered mainly various samarocene adducts as well as a SmI2 complex explicitly solvated by THF. Comparison between DFT methods and ab initio (CAS-SCF and HF) computational level revealed that the SOMO–LUMO gap computed at the DFT B3PW91 level, in combination with small-core RECPs and standard basis sets, offers a qualitative estimation of the energetics of the SET that is in line with both CAS-SCF calculations and experimental results when available. This orbital-based approach, based on DFT calculation, affords a fast and efficient methodology for pioneer exploration of the reactivity of lanthanide(II) mediated by SET.
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https://hal.insa-toulouse.fr/hal-01969540
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Submitted on : Friday, January 4, 2019 - 11:30:15 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 3, 2020 - 11:40:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01969540, version 1

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Christos Kefalidis, Stéphanie Essafi, Lionel Perrin, Laurent Maron. Qualitative Estimation of the Single-Electron Transfer Step Energetics Mediated by Samarium(II) Complexes: A “SOMO–LUMO Gap” Approach. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2014, 53 (7), pp.3427-3433. ⟨hal-01969540⟩

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